Nanotechnology deals with methods to analyze, control and manufacture structures on a molecular or atomic scale, i.e. of a size of 100 nanometers or less. The innovative power of nanotechnology rests on the fact that physical and chemical properties of materials tend to change dramatically in this range of sizes.
Nanoscaled structures often alter in terms of electrical and magnetic properties, surface and mechanical properties, stability, chemical processes, biological processes and optical features, allowing for radically new technological solutions in many different industries. Therefore, nanotechnology allows to develop smart nano/micro devices and systems in many vital fields such as healthcare, energy, environment, manufacturing and in general all industries that use and process materials.
A derivate perspective can be achieved "by using any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof", what is called Biotechnology (UN Convention on Biological Diversity). This KET search out for cleaner and sustainable process alternatives for industrial and agri-food operations.